Forecasts for oil prices in the second half of 2012 and on into 2013 are varied, but there's one point on which virtually all agree: Oil prices won't be going down.
One reason is that oil prices have already dropped substantially in recent weeks.
In fact, oil futures – as measured by the July New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX) contract for West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude - closed below $90 per barrel last week, the lowest level for an active contract since October 2011. That's down $17 a barrel since the beginning of May.
Two factors have contributed to the decline in oil prices:
- A modest increase in US crude supplies – up 3.8% in April from March levels and 1.5% from a year ago – primarily due to continued low demand as a result of the slower-than-expected economic recovery.
- Increasing strength in the U.S. dollar – the global pricing currency for crude oil – due to safe-haven buying in response to continued concerns over euro-zone instability.
Oil Prices Continue to Climb
Longer-term, however, both of those situations should stabilize, and then reverse – meaning current oil price levels will likely serve as a base for a rebound in the second half of the year, continuing into 2013.
Even so, the leading "official" sources for oil-price forecasts aren't projecting major spikes, either.
The US Energy Information Association (EIA), in its most recent report issued May 8, predicted prices for WTI crude will average about $104 a barrel for the rest of the year, and that costs to refiners for all crude – domestic and imported – will average $110 a barrel.
The WTI number is down $2 a barrel from March estimates, but $9 a barrel higher than the 2011 average, while the refiners' cost figure is up $8 from 2011.
The American Petroleum Institute (API), a trade organization of more than 500 oil and natural gas companies, didn't issue price forecasts for crude in its most recent (May 18) report, but noted that increased domestic production, slightly higher crude oil stocks (374.8 million barrels) and lower imports in April should serve to keep prices stable to modestly higher going forward.
API also expressed optimism that rising crude production in North Dakota, which hit 551,000 barrels per day in March, and a possible reversal of President Obama's rejection of the Keystone Pipeline project could keep price hikes in check for the remainder of the year.
Such optimism wasn't nearly as prevalent among many private analysts and industry commentators.
Several noted that, while the stagnant economy is keeping demand in check in the US and Europe, the same can't be said for the rest of the world.
Demand has been rising steadily in China, India and many other emerging markets. Consumers are clamoring for more energy-intensive products, private vehicles and improved transportation as their countries lead the global recovery.