The dividing line between silver performing as a monetary asset versus an industrial commodity is tethered to a broken price discovery system, where unlimited position limits are held by the most influential of traders.
This fault line, at the heart of price manipulation, paints a dangerous and false perception that permeates the trading landscape - as well as the mainstream perception of money.
Price Discovery and Position Limits
Dollar and other fiat currency price discovery for world silver prices occur on many exchanges. But it remains centered on the largest: The COMEX, a division of the New York Mercantile Exchange and owned by the for-profit CME Group.
No serious discussion about prices can ignore what transpires in the COMEX pits - but even more so how it transpires.
We can look to one thousand points of macro interest for some insight on how prices performed; yet no matter how much we strain to see the connections, they are all too dim without first starting with the entities that represent the dominate positions in those markets.
Ted Butler of Butler Research is one of the most well-known, distinguished, and influential silver analysts. Butler is a former commodities futures trader and has been a prolific silver market reporter for decades. He has documented the precarious and unique situation that exists for silver and the other precious metals.
Simply stated, in the four precious metals the dominant and concentrated net short (excluding swaps for contracts out along the curve for the purpose of arbitrage) have been held by the four largest traders in the commercial category of traders. This has been documented by the CFTC for years. And while many prefer to lump all government data into the same pile (where we might include the CPI or labor reports), the data has held very consistent with only a few changes over the years.
The main issue (and not much else matters more) is that these four traders comprise a dominant position that should never be allowed in any market, simply because its very existence interferes with potential price discovery. Of course, in silver and gold the interference is literal.
When one entity holds the majority of any stock traded, the temptation to game the system by moving prices would be (and is) impossible to contain. It does not matter if those positions are hedged. The fact that they exist is enough evidence of foul play and puts the blame at the feet of the exchange itself.
The influence of high frequency trading merely adds fuel to the fire. HFT has exploded the issue by making it even less likely that the Exchange would ever self-regulate, as it profits directly from the sheer number of trades. HFT enables spoof trades that never clear - nor are they intended to clear. It also enables the continued dominance and, ultimately, the ability for these massive entities to make the market literally by painting the tape and guiding the technical patterns - drawing in further speculation.
Position Limits at the Heart of the Matter
As Ted Butler has pointed out on numerous occasions (but especially along recent rule change considerations):
"At current levels of total open interest (including spread positions, the formula would call for an all months combined position limit in COMEX silver of less than 5,000 contracts, or the equivalent of 25 million oz. in COMEX gold, the formula would dictate less than 12,000 contracts as the most a speculator could hold long or short. The problem is that JPMorgan is holding, at last count, (nearly) 18,000 contracts short in COMEX silver, well in excess of the current 5,000 contract proposed limit and 72,000 contracts long in COMEX gold, six times more than the proposed 12,000 contract limit in gold."
If JPM Morgan were forced to comply, the result would be a sudden knee jerk return upward in the direction of price based on fundamentals.